Hacking Emails, Hacking Coughs and Hacking Housing Markets
I just finished my four-week quarterly gauntlet of 23 market reports  covering 32 housing markets across the U.S. for Douglas Elliman Real Estate. I’ve been writing this expanding series for 23 years, and after the end of it, I feel like death warmed over. I’m exhausted and have a hacking cough coming on, but fully satisfied and a lot more informed. In fact next week I am traveling to D.C., hired as an expert witness in a litigation matter, to talk about market conditions in NYC. My death-warmed-over feeling will soon be replaced with numbers. I never grow tired of seeing the moving parts of so many different housing markets and how they compare and contrast.
That’s why yesterday’s New York Times article – with the best title of the week – really illustrated my death and property value theme: Why the Brooklyn-Queens Border Is Full of Dead People 
Over the next few decades, rising property values led most of Manhattan’s graveyards to evict their residents. Hundreds of thousands of bodies were exhumed and taken by cart and boat to new final resting places, sometimes in the dead of night, to limit the number of onlookers.
but I sort of digress…
1Q 2017 Week 4: Hamptons, North Fork, Long Island Markets
This week’s coverage of the remaining markets in the NYC metro area, specifically the Hamptons market was well read by Wall Streeters. The Bloomberg coverage  on our Hamptons report  was the 5th most read on the Bloomberg terminals worldwide.
Here are the hard top line results for the Hamptons in 1Q17.
And of course, it came with a chart, and charts simply cheat death, or specifically, make me feel alive.
But let’s not cast aside Long Island and North Fork.
Long Island was a classic example of U.S. suburban housing markets. Heavy sales, record low inventory and rising prices.
While North Fork was noticeably slower but with an unusual burst of very high-end sales.
1Q 2017 Week 4: Aspen, Snowmass Village, Los Angeles (Westside & Downtown), etc.
The report for Aspen/Snowmass  was also published this week. There was clearly an uptick in sales but also a little more life at the top of the market.
This quarter we tried something new in our analytics for LA. We sussed out pocket listings . As I explained in my blog post:
We matched public record closings with properties listed on the MLS. Those sales missing from the MLS were either FSBOs or “pocket listings.” A FSBO or “for sale by owner” is when a homeowner lists a home themselves without a broker. A pocket listing is a home that a broker knows that the seller is interested in selling but only at the right price and doesn’t want their home viewed by the outside world in the MLS.
Notice how the occurrence of these listings is higher at the top of the market? Roughly 1/3 of the high end (above $5M) in LA are not listed on the MLS. Entrenched brokers with a lot of local experience are the ones who foster relationships with these high-end owners. In some ways I think of it a little like the “make me move ” price feature that Zillow has.
The Lack of Supply is Hurting Sales
Across the country there would be more home sales if there was more inventory  with the possible exception of the high-end market. We observed this phenomenon in markets like Long Island , New York and Los Angeles , California where the the trend in pending sales was negative because the trend in inventory was negative as well. There are many reasons for this:
- hyper fast sales volume is burning off supply faster than it can be added
- construction is focused on the high end leaving lower priced market supply static despite rising employment and population
- distorted credit condition doesn’t allow some homeowners to list because they don;t qualify for the trade-up, lateral move or downsize finance.
- sellers not in a hurry are observing the situation and are merely waiting until they think prices have peaked in their market.
More About Landlord Concessions and Developer Incentives
There is a great weekly column in The Real Deal magazine called The Long View by Konrad Putzier. This week he delved into concessions with: The Long View: What’s the point of incentives in the resi market? 
Despite their popularity, I never understood the use of incentives to bring in more buyers. Get a Ferrari if you buy a condo in our building. Buyers are in the market for a condo, not a car. They are more interested in applying the cost of the item from the purchase price. I see it as a marketing tool when a buyer is on the fence, rather than to draw in new buyers. The developer is doing everything they can to protect the sales price so when it closes; it doesn’t cannibalize other sales with a lower priced sale in the public domain. Sure there may be that occasional person that goes for the car, but that’s the exception. Then why does this keep happening? Because when the pressure rises as sales fall, the idea of just doing something flashy, anything, to get the project selling again. I see it as more of the grieving process a developer has to go through to align with market value.
With landlord concessions, I was more appreciative of the idea that when a landlord offers very large concessions, they stop working for both the landlord and the tenant. The tenant will begin to assume that the rent will spike at the end of the lease and they will have to move out. The landlord will realize that they will see a falling rate of lease renewals.
The Death of Homeownership Was Shortlived
Remember all those talking heads and pundits describing the U.S. as morphing into a nation of renters? You should. It was prolific since the housing bubble burst. Well household formation  by owners is outpacing renters for the first time since 2006.
What’s in a neighborhood name?
There was an interesting piece on Manhattan neighborhood names in Crains . Reporter Joe Anuta asks the question (and this is the longest title/subtitle in the history of NYC):
Naming rights: Who decides what a neighborhood is called and where it starts and ends?An ongoing brouhaha over what to call a section of Harlem is the latest battle in a long-running war over neighborhood naming rights 
This debate appears every 3-5 years it seems. Detracters view it as an insult to existing residents. I can’t get my arm’s around why SoHa (Southern Harlem) “deliberately diminishes the area’s past.” The implication I think is that gentrification is bad and names with acronyms are derived from it. Neighborhood names have changed and evolved for hundreds of years. Neighborhood boundaries expand and contract. Neighborhoods are always in a state of change, whether it is the retail, the housing mix, jobs, etc. It is not a legal entity like a country, state, county, borough or city. Right?
Think MePa, SoHo, NoHo, Tribeca, FiDi, Nolita, NoMad, Dumbo, SoBro, DoBro.
This is an NYC tradition – speaking of traditions…
Mapping Beerdom in the Lower East Side of Manhattan
Apparently, there was a lot of beer consumed in the 19th century. No Samuel Adams Cherry Wheat back then either.
Low interest rates hurting middle class
There is a great reprinted article in American Banker  from the 2016 M&T Bank annual report that lays out why low-interest rates are so bad for the middle class. I’ve been decrying low rates since at least 2012. Now with the new economic data that GDP only grew at a 0.7% rate , it seems like low rates will be around for a while, no matter what the FOMC decides.
Here are a couple of excerpts.
This extended period of ultralow interest rates no longer benefits the average U.S. household. The majority of the wealth of the typical M&T customer, like that of most Americans, takes the form of equity in their homes, retirement savings, bank deposits and, to a lesser extent, stock market investments. Low rates initially provided middle-class households with relief both by lowering monthly mortgage payments and supporting a recovery in home values. However, the investments of these same families have suffered. Indeed, many middle-class families, frightened by the precipitous market decline of 2008, responded by pulling out of the market. Only half of these households today hold any stocks or mutual fund shares; before the crisis, fully 72% did so.
Crucially, without stocks and the growth in value and dividends they can provide, most households must rely on interest from their investments to save for college, a down payment on a home or to prepare for and navigate retirement. It is here that they have felt the sting of near-zero interest rates. Interest income for households has declined sharply in the aggregate. In 2014, it had, compared with 2005, fallen by some $64 billion. This disproportionately affected households with incomes of less than $100,000; their interest income declined by $44 billion, or 68% of the total decrease for all households.
The appraisal theme this week is “conflict.” Our industry has been beaten down for years by AMCs and our big trade group. This week we talk about a bombshell lawsuit that all of us will be talking about for a while.
Mark Skapinetz v. CoesterVMS.com Inc. and Brian Coester
Coester Chronicles Continued
Do you like to read John Grisham books? I have a story that is much better. It is about a residential fee appraiser in Georgia who filed suit against what the appraisal industry sees as the most notorious AMCs out there and its owner. The appraiser provides compelling tangible evidence with his claim that his email was hacked by the AMC.
The lawsuit was filed in United States District of Court for the District of Maryland. Here is the complaint  that was filed.
The complaint reads better than “The Firm. ” I also bought and downloaded  all the supplemental files and read through the case. I haven’t included them here because I’m not sure if I can distribute, but the filing itself is all you need to get the gist. It’s crazy, and a tad scary.
This morning Phil Crawford over at Voice of Appraisal  gives a good overview of the lawsuit.
One of the legal concepts most interesting to me in the complaint was trespassing, especially when an email is sitting on a Google server somewhere in the ether.
Defendants knowingly and intentionally committed the tort of trespass to chattel when they accessed without authorization, and therefore intermeddled with, Plaintiff’s Gmail accounts and e-mail communications.
If Coester loses, I would imagine there would be a massive settlement. After all their legal troubles, the fact they are still around – shows how much money has been taken from the hides of appraisers.
UPDATE (later in the same day): Something I forgot to mention when I originally posted this. If someone hacks your email, isn’t that some sort of federal crime?
A Brilliant Idea
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See you next week.
Jonathan Miller, CRP, CRE
Miller Samuel Inc. 
Real Estate Appraisers & Consultants
Reads, Listens and Visuals I Enjoyed
- Kastle Systems - Data Assisting in Return to Office Plans 
- New Home Sales: Record 106 thousand homes have not been started [Calculated Risk] 
- Zillow’s Zeal to Outbid for Homes Backfires in Flipping Fumble [Bloomberg] 
- Housing Market Disruptor Banks on Help From Blackstone [Bloomberg] 
- Multifamily Redevelopment Spreading at SoFla Shopping Centers [The Real Deal] 
- The Market for Single-Family Rentals Grows as Homeownership Wanes [NY Times] 
- Flashback: How The Mayoral Candidates Said They'd Fix NYC Housing, 1989 [City Limits] 
- Psychoanalyzing the Housing Frenzy With Redfin’s CEO [Curbed] 
- "Taxi King" Gene Freidman Dead at 50 [The Real Deal] 
- Manhattan Luxury Apartment Sales See Biggest Week Since 2013 [Bloomberg] 
- The World’s Biggest Real Estate Bubbles in 2021 [Visual Capitalist] 
- U.S. existing home sales surge to 8-month high in September [Reuters] 
- The house from the movie 'A Nightmare on Elm Street' is up for sale [NPR] 
- Paintmakers Are Running Out of the Color Blue [Bloomberg] 
- Howard Hanna Built a Big Real-Estate Firm and Kept It in the Family [Wall Street Journal] 
- Median House Price Growth Decelerated for Fourth Consecutive Month [Calculated Risk Blog] 
- Remote work is bringing the city to the suburbs [Vox] 
- Inflation Inputs - The Big Picture [Ritholtz] 
- Zillow's iBuying Pause Likely Short-Lived, Analysts Say [The Real Deal] 
- Thousands of new housing units could be heading to SoHo/NoHo [Crain's New York] 
My New Content, Research and Mentions
- Real estate season preview: Calling all Palm Beach sellers! Buyers await in the wings [Palm Beach Daily News] 
- Former Victoria’s Secret CEO Lists New York City Penthouse for $18.5 Million [Wall Street Journal] 
- Brooklyn Townhouse Sale Prices Jump Almost 30 Percent in the Third Quarter [Brownstoner] 
- NYC Billionaire Catsimatidis Joins Florida Shift With New Condos [Bloomberg] 
- Palm Beach Trophy-Home Prices Surge [Mansion Global] 
- Why Zillow had to stop buying new homes [Quartz] 
- A Miami developer wants to buy out, knock down sister towers of collapsed Champlain South [Miami Herald] 
- Westchester home sales hit 40-year high as suburbs still beckon [Crain's New York] 
- Fairfield County Home Prices Remain Sky-High [The Real Deal] 
- Exhausted or frustrated by your NYC apartment search? Here's how you can cope [Brick Underground] 
- Boca Raton, Delray Beach Home Values Dropping, Selling Fast [Boca News Now] 
- A New York City penthouse just rented for $85,000 per month [Inman] 
- Palm Beach real estate ‘incredibly hot’ in 3rd quarter, sales reports show [Palm Beach Daily News] 
- New York Housing Demand Surges After Pandemic Slowdown [Wall Street Jour] 
- Tribeca Penthouse Rents for $85K Per Month [The Real Deal] 
- 在线房源巨头Zillow暂停购买新房，美国房地产市场降温了？ [加美财经] 
- Zillow’s House Flipping Hits a Snag as the Red-Hot U.S. Housing Market Shows Signs It’s Cooling [BNN Bloomberg] 
- New York Housing Demand Surges After Pandemic Slowdown [Wall Street Journal] 
- Westchester's residential market: Decline in inventory, but no slowdown in demand [Westfair Communications] 
- Westchester Home Sales Hit 40-Year High As Suburbs Still Beckon [Financial Advisor Magazine] 
- Zillow’s House Flipping Hits a Snag as the Red-Hot U.S. Housing Market Shows Signs It’s Cooling [Bloomberg] 
- Fed faces problem as rising rents fuel inflation [Finance & Commerce] 
- Rising rents are fueling inflation, posing trouble for the Fed [Seattle Times] 
- Cities might be back, but Aspen real estate is still booming [Business Times] 
- A leap in demand for affluent neighborhood properties ... rents record the highest growth since 2019 [Asume Tech] 
Appraisal Related Reads
- Fannie, Freddie give green light for remote appraisals [OC Register] 
- High-Impact Home Upgrades for Any Budget [Cleveland Appraisal Blog] 
- The Desktop Appraisals Soon to Be the New Purchase Wrinkle [Appraisers Blogs] 
Extra Curricular Reads
- How to Rock a Big Suit Tastefully, Just Like David Byrne 
- Audm presents: ‘I Don’t Want to Fucking Die’: Foo Fighters and the Art of Survival 
- Audm presents: Boardwalk’s End [share.audm.com] 
- Kellogg’s faces $5 million lawsuit for not having enough strawberries in its Pop-Tarts [Yahoo News]