Unexpected Milestones and Their Impact on Housing
Since there hasn’t been much going on this week, I thought it was a good time to go to Beijing and Shanghai. For the former point, I’m kidding. For the latter point, it absolutely is. I have to keep this short or I’ll miss my plan this morning.
Election 2016 Polls and AVMs
The U.S. election ended up with an unexpected victor in what was the most acrimonious campaign of the modern era. No substantive economic policy was debated although the general platforms were laid out on each candidate’s web site. In the aftermath, we learned that polls are not what you think they are – a stock market-like ticker of the value of each candidate.
Polls remain a bit too primitive to rely on at this point and sadly, they seem to be crowd sourcing the voting process. I would guess that most voters don’t venture into the policy weeds and many of them take comfort in voting for who looks to be winning. This thinking has crept into other areas where we accept lower reliability as fact. Take voting on anything on Twitter and other social median platforms. The voters are in your tribe so they probably reflect your views. You picked them for their friendship, politics, relationships, religion, sports team, school, city etc.
As an appraiser, we see this with the banking industry moving towards automated valuations (AVMs). Web sites like Zillow tout Zestimates  which can be very accurate or very inaccurate, but the user doesn’t know when. Two incorrect thoughts come to mind:
- If it is in print, it must be right.
- If it is on the internet, it must be right.
but I digress
The LA Times poll was always the outlier  during the election and often ridiculed but they were the only one that was accurate in hindsight. We don’t know if it was luck or a better method but it will be examined. Even my stat data zen god hero Nate Silver , who called the 2012 election with nearly perfect accuracy was off in both the primaries and the final race to the presidency.
Clinton won the cities and Trump won everywhere else. We don’t yet know how this will impact the housing market, good, bad or neutral. At this point I’m leaning towards neutral or even some positive impact. I wrote a little about this on election day in my blog post: Housing and the Election Aftermat h.
- According to the federal fund futures market, I would expect no rate rise in December
- I’m wild guessing that, like Brexit, we won’t go into a recession in short order
- With one party controlling both houses and the presidency:
- a. There will be large tax cuts and heavy deficit spending
- b. There will be a run up in infrastructure spending
- c. There will unprecedented and massive deregulation i.e. Dodd-Frank, CFPB may be doomed
- d. Policy focus will shift toward business and away from consumers
In the late 1990s deregulation act known as Gramm-Leach-Bliley  that allowed Wall Street investment banks to play in the sandbox of commercial banks and vice versa. We ended up with the financial crisis. I’m not suggesting we are headed there again, but human beings run corporations and institutions and they always figure out a way to screw things up.
As I said in my election post , I think all of this is probably neutral or beneficial to the housing market and it is important to separate social policy from economic policy to see that. At this early point after an election we don’t really know whether campaign platforms will be followed and whether most or any election promises will be kept.
October 2016 Manhattan, Brooklyn & Queens Rental Market Results Are In
Douglas Elliman  published our October research on the rental markets 3 of the 5 New York City boroughs . I’ve been authoring the expanding Elliman Report series for the past 22 years. The prevailing theme for this rental report was rising landlord concessions especially more skewed to the high end of the market where price trends are the weakest.
Before I get into the results, it is more fun (for me) to know that the Bloomberg article covering the rental report results  was the number 1 read article on Bloomberg terminals world wide. More so than the election!
And a chart on rising landlord concessions.
While landlords are working hard to protect the face rent by offering a record amount of concessions, skewed towards new development and the high end of the market. The rental market remains soft at the top because that is where new development has been targeted.
MANHATTAN Manhattan median rental price growth remained nominal as inventory expanded and the market share of concessions set a new record. Median rental price edged nominally higher after slipping in the prior month on a year over year basis, up 0.3% to $3,400. Average sales price increased 3.1% to $4,223 over the same period. Median rent growth was largest in the entry tier of the market, rising 4% from the prior year period.
BROOKLYN The overall Brooklyn rental market was characterized by more inventory and concessions as well as a nominal decline rental prices. Median rental price slipped year over year for the third time in the past four months. The median rental price was $2,875, down 0.3% from the same period last year. Average rental price followed the same pattern slipping 1.6% to $3,139 over the same period. Luxury median rental price, representing the top 10% of the market, declined 9.1% to $5,309 from the year ago quarter. The market share of concessions expanded to 12.1%, the second highest share on record, from 7.9% in the same month a year ago…
QUEENS Rental price trend indicators for Northwest Queens, including the neighborhoods of Long Island City, Astoria, Sunnyside and Woodside, moved higher than year ago levels, yet the pattern year to date has been mixed. Median rental price jumped 12.9% to $2,900 while average rental price expanded 1.6% to $2,986 respectively from the year ago period. In addition, the luxury median rental price, representing the top 10% of the market, increased 7.5% to $4,850 over the same period. Listing inventory growth far outpaced the number of new leases signed…
The Joy of Homeownership
As a new empty-nester, this hit home (pun intended).
Great Wall (of China)
Today my wife and I are flying to Beijing to see the Great Wall, the Forbidden City and of course, smog. After a week of tourist stuff, we are headed by high speed rail to Shanghai to attend and participate in the Real Deal’s Shanghai Real Estate conference . We attended last year and it was amazing. This year I am looking forward to understanding how Chinese investors view U.S. real estate and the opportunities it presents. I’ll share more of that in future Housing Notes when I return.
As I learned last year, you need a VPN app to get through the Great Firewall of China .
RAC  is already hard at work planning for next year’s conference – about a year from now. We’ll feed you the information as it is nailed down. We had great success last year providing relevant programs and as this President, I am very excited about the coming year.
The biggest issue of the week – election excluded – was the announcement by Freddie Mac that certain types of appraisal-free mortgages are in the works .
Sorry to cut it short, I’ll elaborate on the Freddie Mac story next week from Shanghai and listen to the next installment of Voice of Appraisal. I need to catch my plane!
A Brilliant Idea
If you need something rock solid in your life (particularly on Friday afternoons) and someone forwarded this to you, sign up here for these weekly Housing Notes . And be sure to share with a friend or colleague if you enjoy them. They’ll get in an Uber with the “You’ve got mail” guy , they’ll go all mannequin on you  and I’ll share the most bizarre headline of the wee k.
See you next week.
Jonathan Miller, CRP, CRE
Miller Samuel Inc. 
Real Estate Appraisers & Consultants
Reads, Listens and Visuals I Enjoyed
- Will Foreign Investment Save New York City? [Globe St] 
- Rating agencies as consultants: The potential for bias [VOX, CEPR’s Policy Portal] 
- Fed’s Path to a Rate Hike Clouded by Trump Win [Bloomberg] 
- The affordable housing crisis is a rural issue, too [Curbed] 
- Pat Benatar’s Oceanfront Home in Hana, Maui Goes on the Market [WSJ] 
- Miami Has the Most “Cost-Burdened” Renters in America, Study Says [Miami New Times] 
- Gentrification Protesters in Los Angeles Target Art Galleries [NY Times] 
- Luxury housing tower for Copley Place scrapped [The Boston Globe] 
- New Report Surveys Local Government Responses to Gentrification [Furman Center] 
- FSBO and discount-broker sales at record lows [Inman] 
- Talking gentrification, and why “New York City is a real estate story,” with the director of HBO’s “Class Divide” [Brick Underground] 
- Young firsttime home buyers will drive 2017 existinghome sales [MarketWatch] 
- Where Did My Supermarket Go? [NY Times] 
- Church organization to pay the city $11 million after losing court case over Harlem site [Crains] 
- The Place Capote, Carson and Cronkite Called Home [WSJ] 
- Voyeur | 7 Train [NY Times] 
My New Content, Research and Mentions
- Elliman Report: Manhattan, Brooklyn & Queens Rentals 10-2016 [Miller Samuel] 
- More Troubling Signs For NYC Real Estate As Rent Concessions Soar [Zero Hedge] 
- Reports: Manhattan rental market harsh at entry-level [amNY] 
- Manhattan luxury apartment rent records steep yearly decline in October 2016 [buzzbuzz home] 
- Manhattan resi landlords offering concessions to renters at record levels [The Real Deal NY] 
- Manhattan landlords are offering more concessions than ever before [Curbed NY] 
- Concessions up, luxury prices down in Manhattan’s rental market [Brick Underground] 
- One-Quarter of Landlords at Manhattan’s Luxury Rentals Offering Sweeteners [Mansion Global] 
- Manhattan Renters Score Record Incentives in Apartment Glut [Bloomberg] 
- Trump presidency unlikely to hurt the real estate industry that made him [Crains] 
- Signs Of A Local Real Estate Bubble — Real Estate 101 [Trulia Blog] 
- Election Is Blamed for New York Real-Estate Brokers’ Blahs [WSJ] 
- Surging Home Prices Mixed Blessing in Mott Haven [WNYC] 
Appraisal Related Reads
- Are we really back to “bubble” prices? [Sacramento Appraisal Blog] 
- How appraisers can use Google Calendar to streamline their appraisal business [Birmingham Appraisal Blog] 
- Freddie Mac planning appraisal-free mortgages [Chicago Tribune] 
- Yellen: Agencies Exploring Ways to Reduce Capital, Appraisal Burdens [ABA Banking Journal] 
- ABA Responds to Proposal to Combat Appraiser Shortage [ABA Banking Journal]