Sometimes Housing Markets Skip Across The Water
Even though I essentially retired from golf several decades ago, I’d just say “Yeah, I planned to do that.”
But I digress…
Manhattan Net Effective Rents Rise At A Record Rate
Yesterday, real estate firm Douglas Elliman  published our research on the October 2021 Manhattan, Brooklyn, and NW Queens rental markets , part of an expanding market report series  that I’ve been authoring since 1994.
Oh, and real estate firm Douglas Elliman is spinning off from their parent company, Vector Group into a stand-alone firm through an IPO. Here’s the presentation deck  in public domain and the story from Bloomberg , who broke the news.
I was somewhat caught off guard this week by the significant interest in the NYC rental market this month. By 9am yesterday, the coverage of the report ranked 8th most read by their 350K subscribers.
The Bloomberg piece  included one of the coolest charts I’ve seen in a while. Now THAT is some series pandemic distortion!
Elliman Report: October 2021 Manhattan, Brooklyn & Queens Rentals 
MANHATTAN RENTAL MARKET HIGHLIGHTS
“Net effective median rent surged to the levels seen in the same period two years ago.”
- Net effective median rent rose annually at the highest rate in a decade
- New lease signings fell to their lowest level in a year but remained higher than the decade average for October
- Median rent for doorman buildings surged by the highest rate in at least nine years as non-doorman median rent increased annually for the first time in eighteen months
- Median net effective rent for studios, 1-bedrooms and 2-bedrooms, surged annually by record rates
- The vacancy rate fell sharply from its February peak as new leasing activity removed a lot of slack from the market
- The concession market share for luxury rentals was half that of the remainder of the market
- New development median rent rose annually at twice the rate as existing rentals
BROOKLYN RENTAL MARKET HIGHLIGHTS
“October saw the highest number of new lease signings for that month since tracking began in 2008.”
- Median net effective rent slid year over year for the sixteenth consecutive month and remains below the same period two years ago
- The amount of concessions paid by landlords returned to the January high, but the market share fell sharply from the near-record last year
- The market share concessions fell year over year at a rising rate for the past six months
QUEENS RENTAL MARKET HIGHLIGHTS
“October saw the highest number of new lease signings for that month since tracking began in 2011.”
- New lease signings rose to their highest level for the month of October in nearly a decade
- Net effective median rent increased annually for the third time in four months
- The market share of landlord concessions fell by more than a third from the near-record levels seen last year
Inflation Talk And Rental Markets On Marketplace Radio
This is an interesting take and it was cool to get a shout out with the chief economists for CoreLogic and Moody’s Analytics and the Executive Director of the NYU/Furman Center. The actual article  gives more information on the topic.
“And the rent growth we are seeing now is just much sharper than anything we’ve recorded previously,” Nothaft said.
“Rent growth is gonna remain strong,” said Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody’s Analytics.
An appraiser colleague of mine in California heard my voice while driving and let me know the clip aired. No, he didn’t crash.
The Urban Digs versus Miller Samuel Smackdown On 2022 (Hint: More, Higher, Better)
Ok, it was not a smackdown. But I did have a fun and informative discussion with my friends Noah Rosenblatt and John Walkup of Urbandigs  about the New York housing market backed up by data. The discussion was moderated by the very adept Phil Horigan of Leasebreak.com . Take notes!
‘It’s Not Easy: Yale Versus Columbia On Pricing, Sort Of
I had a fun discussion on the topic of pricing with Dr. Rob Docters who teaches ‘pricing’ at Yale . Hey, I teach market analysis at Columbia  so we can claim this was an Ivy League debate, right? The venue was the Boroughs & ‘Burbs Podcast  with its two very engaging hosts, Roberto Cabrera  and John Engel  of real estate brokerage Brown Harris Stevens.
“The Trend Is Your Friend…Until It Ends” Gets An Upgrade
This Noah Smith Substack post The Metaverse and (near-)infinite economic growth  is a bit off-topic for these Housing Notes, but hey, I get to decide what I write about.
What hooked me in to this interesting read was the quote below this chart:
Bold my emphasis:
If you were sitting in 1970, you could look at this curve and claim, very confidently, that economic growth requires concomitant increases in energy use. And you’d be wrong. Because the trend is your friend til the bend at the end.
Throughout my life, the common refrain was “The trend is your friend.” But I modified it years ago, adding, “..until it ends.”
As in “The trend is your friend…until it ends.” which always got a chuckle during presentations.
But now I need to modify it to:
“The trend is your friend…until the bend at the end.”
Brilliant. For a deeper explanation .
‘Jonathan Miller Webinar’ – California’s Housing Boom Continues + Insights About The Zestimate
A few weeks ago I had spoke to just over 800 real estate agents who are part of CREB  and members of Metrolist  in California. It went so well, they want me to do this again early next year. Interestingly, I didn’t rely on PowerPoint because I wanted the presentation to be engaging and spent some time explaining the fallacies of the Zestimate, in a way that you might not have heard before. And shortly after (and not because!), Zillow Offers imploded because they overpaid for thousands of properties.
Despite The Recent Concern About Rising Mortgage Rates, They Drop Below 3% Again
Mike DelPrete: How Data Can Be Used to Mislead: Compass
Mike DelPrete has a fascinating free newsletter I encourage all my readers to subscribe  to.
His recent newsletter: How Data Can Be Used to Mislead: Compass’ Results Told Three Ways
The Annual, Single-Company View
YOY results – How Compass presented – yet 2020 was distorted. I saw this graphic all over social media.
The Quarterly Single-Company View
Hide the monthly decline in quarterly data.
The Quarterly & Annual Multi-Company View
Mike DelPrete makes a compelling case here:
Revenue is up annually as are its peers.
Revenue is down more than its peers by recent quarter
Profits are still nonexistent, unlike its peers.
I really loved Mike’s insightful context on this topic.
Round Beds Didn’t Hold Up Well
The round bed located in the center of the primary bedroom seemed to be an aspirational accessory of the 1960s and early 70s, but it went the way of orange deep-pile shag carpeting.
November 8, 2021 
CRE Webinar: The Logistics Industry: Damn the Torpedoes. Full Integration Ahead!
From the CRE webinar landing page…
Supply chain logistics are at the epicenter of what makes the economy function, and commercial real estate is the field on which it all plays out. On November 18, The Counselors of Real Estate presents “The Logistics Industry: Damn the Torpedoes. Full Integration Ahead!” Moderated by Franc J. Pigna, CRE, this topical and newsworthy presentation will feature Nate Asplund, Beth Branch, and Martin Dixon who’ll provide a global perspective on the shipping industry and answer key questions such as:
- What are the challenges and opportunities with logistics and what’s the impact on the property industry?
- Will the influx of capital investment in industrial be enough to temper volatility from supply chain disruption and labor shortages?
- What key elements are necessary to support the fast-moving, high-volume requirements of modern-day logistics?
- How much will post-pandemic logistics disrupt commercial real estate models?
Click on the image to register.
My favorite chart of the week made by us
My favorite charts of the week made by others
Buyers being forced to make snap decisions about where to live and what to purchase given supply-constrained housing market… between July 2020-June 2021, home sales sat on market for median period of 1 week before entering contract— Liz Ann Sonders (@LizAnnSonders) November 12, 2021 
@WSJ  @nardotrealtor  pic.twitter.com/wYKAuJT7PF 
Len Kiefer ‘s Chart Handiwork
(For earlier appraisal industry commentary, visit my old clunky REIC  site.)
TAF Releases A Self-Serving White Paper One Hour Before The ASC Roundtable
The Appraisal Subcommittee held an event this week called “ASC 2021 Roundtable: Building a More Equitable Appraisal System” which was actually a useful exercise in reaching out to the appraisal community for input. I actually enjoyed listening to the event. The chat board was full of insights and the host would pull people onto video to discuss the point they made.
The TAF white paper (The irony of calling this a ‘white’ paper is not lost on me):
The Does Appraiser and Borrower Race Affect Valuation? [SSRN  free after registration]
This paper represents TAF’s effort to counter the Brookings Institute report . Dr. Perry’s report for Brookings did not connect the dots between the appraisal industry and why properties in locations dominated by people of color often had housing prices that were lower than areas that did not. Dr. Perry conveyed the incorrect point that appraisers ‘set” prices when we simply ‘reflect’ prices.
The TAF-sponsored report takes a different approach:
Following concerns about undervaluation of minority-owned homes, we examine the incidence of racial appraisal bias using a nationwide sample of refinanced mortgages from 2000 to 2007. A unique feature of our data is that they allow us to observe the race of the both the homeowner and the appraiser. We do not observe large, systematic differences in the ratio of appraised values to automated valuation model (AVM) estimates between Black- and White-owned homes. Moreover, the appraiser’s race and its interaction with the owner’s race are not related to valuations. Our findings suggest that racial appraisal bias is either uncommon in the mortgage refinance market or has a relatively minor effect on valuations, on average.
The translation of the abstract is as follows:
They compared mortgage appraisal results and found that because appraisals didn’t vary from AVMs, it’s just a hop skip and a jump to say appraisers are not biased since AVMs are machines (that were created by humans BTW). Is there bias in most industries? Of course. The problem with the TAF approach is that, as we saw last week by Zillow Offers, AVMs are terrible and the scourge of the appraisal industry. They are quantitative approaches to valuation and have their role in some subsets of valuation, not qualitative, and therefore have less accuracy. So as far as I’m concerned this white paper shows us nothing tangible about the industry.
The use of AVMs also places them on a pedestal above appraisers themselves, yet they are wildly inaccurate. This white paper’s premise damages the appraisal industry, something TAF is supposed to strengthen in order to maintain public trust.
C’mon Dave , you need to be aware of the other challenges appraisers are facing. Being replaced by AVMs is certainly one of the issues our industry is concerned about.
And one more thing, 96.5% of the appraisal industry is white. We are the least diverse industry out of 400 tracked by the BBL. Does a white paper like this remove that optic from the public?
Appraisers Are Ghosting AMCs?
From The Chrisman Commentary (Rob is a mortgage broker but an essential source of information on the mortgage industry). You can subscribe here .
From Appraisals are near the top of any list of current lender and borrower complaints about the processing of mortgages.
This week I received this note from Mike Simmons, Co-President of AXIS AMC. “I’ve heard of something overhanging the appraisal industry. Namely, that appraisers are ghosting (abandoning) orders and are beyond accountability. Part of my responsibility at AXIS Appraisal Management Solutions is to attend lender conferences and talk about the appraisal industry, and addressing difficult topics centered around our industry. Despite the enjoyment of being together again in person, this year the energy at all the conferences felt more negative than usual. The voices were louder, and different. Not so much over new issues, because the issues really aren’t new, but there’s more anger now. And some of us in our industry share that frustration…
“I want to clarify something: while the issue causing most of the heartburn only involves a small percentage of appraisers, it’s spreading and eroding the public’s trust in all appraisers. The goal is to find ways to change the behavior of those few outliers that are causing all the noise.
“What some Regulators didn’t recognize, is that telling an AMC that it’s their choice not to engage an appraiser who has abandoned an order, or failed to deliver a report anywhere near an agreed upon timeline and without explanation, doesn’t constitute a solution. That policy will have no impact on that same appraiser getting orders from any of 100, or 200, or 300 other AMCs in that State and repeating that same behavior. Ok, so what. The ‘what’ is that failing to meet a contractual deadline, in a worst case, can cause a borrower (and Real Estate Agent & Mortgage Lender) to lose a purchase transaction.
I find it interesting that many AMCs are complaining about appraisers disappearing from assignments. They need to revisit their business relationship with appraisers. In my own observations, they often take a week to call around to get the lowest bid. What kind of business relationship does that establish with the appraiser?
OFT (One Final Thought)
I stumbled across the The Real Deal’s 2012 documentary ‘Building Stories ‘ that chronicled the life of the prolific architect Costas Kondylis. It was produced by The Real Deal founder Amir Korangy. I had watched it when it was released a decade ago and I enjoyed watching it again recently.
Costas Kondylis is responsible for not only the way Manhattan looks today, but also for developing the basis of how New York City will look in the future. He has built thousands of buildings all over the Greater New York Area and the world, 86 of which are in Manhattan. The Real Deal produced this film in 2012 documenting the work and life of this legendary architect.
Brilliant Idea #1
If you need something rock solid in your life (particularly on Friday afternoons) and someone forwarded this to you, or you think you already subscribed, sign up here for these weekly Housing Notes . And be sure to share with a friend or colleague if you enjoy them because:
- They’ll skip across the water;
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- And I’ll say “I planned to do that.”
Brilliant Idea #2
You’re obviously full of insights and ideas as a reader of Housing Notes. I appreciate every email I receive and it helps me craft the next week’s Housing Note.
See you next week.
Reads, Listens and Visuals I Enjoyed
- Perfecting the New York Street [Curbed] 
- Home Equity Abounds Across U.S. During Third Quarter As Home Values Hit New Highs [Yahoo Finance] 
- Why Zillow Couldn’t Make Algorithmic House Pricing Work [Wired] 
- Opendoor, Offerpad Shake Off Zillow Collapse With Share Surges [Bloomberg] 
- Chicago's Luxury Condo Market Bounces Back in Record Year [The Real Deal] 
- Top Dealmaker Departures Usher in New Era at City's Top Brokerages [The Real Deal] 
- Groundhog Day: Opendoor keeps growing and losing money [HousingWire] 
- Compass Reports Third Quarter 2021 Results [PR Newswire] 
- U.S. Mortgage Rates Plunge, Dipping Back Below 3% Once Again [Bloomberg] 
- Mortgage Rates Drop Below Three Percent Again [Freddie Mac] 
- Zillow Agrees to Sell 2,000 Homes as Flipping Business Ends [Bloomberg] 
- When Calamity Strikes at an Open House [Wall Street Journal] 
- Vector Group CEO on spinning off Douglas Elliman into public company [YouTube] 
- Douglas Elliman to remove the cigarette and hot dog shackles [HousingWire] 
- WeWork's Adam Neumann Speaks Up After Long Silence [The Real Deal] 
- Opendoor Pushes Ahead in Aftermath of Zillow’s iBuying Collapse [Bloomberg] 
- Why Hong Kong Is Building Apartments the Size of Parking Spaces [Bloomberg] 
- Countryside house price growth to outstrip London and the South East for years to come, say Savills, as hybrid working is here to stay [Country Life] 
- Douglas Elliman to Spin Off as Public Company [The Real Deal] 
- New York’s Douglas Elliman Brokerage to Spin Off as Public Firm [Bloomberg] 
- Zillow’s Algorithm-Fueled Buying Spree Doomed Its Home-Flipping Experiment [Bloomberg] 
- Americans Are Flush With Cash and Jobs. They Also Think the Economy Is Awful. [NY Times] 
- So, Uh, Will the Price of Houses Ever Come Down? [Apartment Therapy] 
- Why Did So Many Homeowners Sell to Zillow This Summer? Because It Overpaid. [Curbed] 
- How Zillow’s Model Differs From Rivals [The Real Deal] 
- Housing Analyst Ivy Zelman Sees Major Red Flags in Housing Market [The Real Deal] 
- Hanna Holdings Expands in New Jersey, Joining Forces With Armagno Agency [RIS Media] 
- Surge in Hiring Reflects Strong Demand, But Labor Force Has Not Yet Recovered [Appcast] 
- Phoenix is one of the hottest city for house flipping. Locals share how Zillow blew it. [Business Insider] 
- Zillow’s House-Flipping Rivals Defend Tech-Powered Homebuying [Bloomberg] 
- Landmarks Aren’t Always Forever [NY Times] 
- Another Landmark Lost, This Time on Astor Row in Harlem [NY Times] 
- Alleged Jan. 6 Rioter Tries to Sell Home on Zillow, Inadvertently Reveals Cache of Explosives: FBI [The daily Beast] 
My New Content, Research and Mentions
- Manhattan's luxury real estate market is setting records. Here's what $50 million can buy [CNBC] 
- Renters Who Abandoned Their City Apartments During Covid Are Coming Home to a Crazy Leasing Market [Wall Street Journal] 
- Manhattan rents are climbing back to pre-pandemic levels [KTEN] 
- NYC rents skyrocket amid record-high inflation rates [NY Post] 
- Manhattan rents are climbing back to pre-pandemic levels [CNN] 
- What rising rents mean for inflation [Marketplace] 
- Manhattan landlords regain their pricing power [Crain's New York] 
- Manhattan Rents Have Record Jump as Tenants Seek Upgrades [Yahoo Finance] 
- Manhattan rents are climbing back to pre-pandemic levels [CBS 58] 
- Tale of two Manhattan markets: Rents for doorman apartments surge 18 percent, non-doorman units see small rise [Brick Underground] 
- Manhattan Rents Rise at Fastest Pace on Record [NBC New York] 
- Manhattan Rents Returned to Pre-Pandemic Levels in October [The Real Deal] 
- Manhattan’s Luxury Rental Prices Saw Double-Digit Gains in October Over Last Year [Mansion Global] 
- Brooklyn heights: sales and prices reach new peaks [Financial Times] 
- Hamptons slips in ranking of priciest U.S. ZIP codes [Newsday] 
- Manhattan Rents Jump by Most on Record as Tenants Seek Upgrades [Bloomberg] 
- Foreign buyers to return to U.S. real estate en masse [Realty Biz News] 
- Brooklyn gets 550 new homes with borough’s tallest skyscraper [Crain's New York] 
- Brooklyn Gets 550 New Homes With Borough’s Tallest Skyscraper [Bloomberg] 
- Encryption, inequality & Zero DOM: 6 pocket listing upshots [Inman] 
- Inside One Wall Street, Harry Macklowe's Huge Downtown Condo Conversion Built For New York Lovers [Bisnow] 
Recently Published Elliman Market Reports
- Elliman Report: Manhattan, Brooklyn & Queens Rentals 10-2021 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Normandy Isles/Normandy Shores New Signed Contracts 10-2021 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: California New Signed Contracts 10-2021 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Colorado New Signed Contracts 10-2021 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Florida New Signed Contracts 10-2021 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: New York New Signed Contracts 10-2021 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Malibu + Malibu Beach Sales 3Q 2021 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Los Angeles Sales 3Q 2021 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Long Island Sales 3Q 2021 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Hamptons Sales 3Q 2021 [Miller Samuel] 
Appraisal Related Reads
- Does Appraiser and Borrower Race Affect Valuation? [SSRN] 
- Zillow Zinged [Cleveland Appraisal Blog] 
- Goodbye Zillow [Sacramento Appraisal Blog] 
- Homeowners' Incorrect Assumption… Another "You're Biased" Story [Appraisers Blogs] 
- Appraisers give HUD an earful during bias roundtable [HousingWire] 
- VA Tidewater Initiative Process and Reconsideration of Value [Benefits] 
Extra Curricular Reads
- Chevy Chase is 74, sober and ready to work. The problem? Nobody wants to work with him. [Washington Post] 
- Is Venture Capital the Secret Sauce of the American Economy? (Ep. 482) [Freakonomics] 
- Density, Equity, and the History of Epidemics in New York City [News Climate Columbia] 
- After Record New Startups, U.S. Census Makes It Official Data [Bloomberg] 
- The Metaverse and (near-)infinite economic growth [Noahpinion] 
- The Untold Story of Sushi in America [NY Times] 
- What the NYC Taxi Drivers on a Hunger Strike Won [Curbed] 
- How Jorge Soler's World Series home run ball ended up at an apartment party [Chron] 
- Why Can’t People Teleport? [Wired] 
- We’re Finally Getting a Beans Emoji [Grub Street] 
- There’s a New 750-Mile Bicycle Route in New York. Take a Look. [NY Times]