Our Tall Housing Future Is Still Defined By Its Past
The following conversation is amazingly quaint.
Ironically, Bill Gates’ Microsoft figured out the internet too late to dominate it as they did for their Office Suite (that included Word & Excel). It’s hard to imagine Letterman and a large swath of America was so incredibly wrong either. As email was entering mainstream real estate practice in the late 1990s, a top real estate agent I know, who is still around, made the case to their tech people in her firm: “Why do I need email when I can just pick up the phone?”
In 1995, only two years after the birth of the worldwide web, @BillGates  tried to explain ‘The Internet’ to David @Letterman — Vala Afshar (@ValaAfshar) November 18, 2019 
Technology pioneers today face the same difficulty and ridicule as they attempt to describe artificial intelligence and blockchain pic.twitter.com/HvRoPF6V1L 
But I digress…
How Do You Know Your Future Neighbor is A Nightmare?
My wife and I were home-shopping in 2004 when the market was tight, and we placed a bid on a house that was a stretch for us, so we didn’t offer full ask. We were outbid and lost the house. We found out later that the sellers were moving because of a nightmare neighbor. We consider ourselves very fortunate.
One of my sons and his wife are under contract for their first home right now and I think back to our experience, and worry a little bit. Most people are good, and the odds are against such a situation like the following …
Can Residential Buildings Be Too Tall For Consumers? Apparently, The Answer Could Be Yes
James Tarmy of Bloomberg moderates an interesting conversation with developer Arthur Zeckendorf and starchitect Robert A.M. Stern. Having spoken with James for a number of his articles, I have always found his take on eclectic real estate topics  a great read.
Too Much SALT Wasn’t Good For the Market, But Adjustment Is Well Underway
Nearly two years ago, I was criticized by a Westchester real estate brokerage firm that competes with Douglas Elliman after stating in our Elliman Report: Westchester Sales that the drastic change in federal deductions from SALT would adversely impact the housing market. The Westchester sentiment then was that because of the AMT (alternative minimum tax), the SALT tax would have a nominal impact on the assumption that most homeowners there don’t take deductions for SALT and property taxes. Yet Westchester sales fell year over year for six straight quarters, and that firm modified its messaging. Pushing that silliness aside, The Real Deal presents a solid take on the state of the market since SALT. .
Scott Elwell, Elliman’s regional vice president of sales for Westchester and New England, said that “we’re seeing a lot of older inventory pass through now.”
“At all price points, including the higher end, sellers are coming to better terms of what a house is worth, and buyers are getting a better grasp on what they are willing to spend,” he said.
Brokers said buyers started stepping up shortly after they found out what the damage was from their 2018 tax bills.
“When buyers met with their accountants, it was almost like a faucet went on,” said Deborah Doern, regional vice president for Houlihan Lawrence in Westchester.
Because of the trade war and the resulting flight to safety by investors, the Federal Reserve has been aggressively lowering rates and as a result, mortgage rates have fallen sharply over the past year, mitigating some of the damage of SALT. One important consideration of SALT that gets missed. I believe that many in the market see SALT as a “forever” weight on the market when, in reality, once prices slide to equilibrium, it won’t be a market obsession anymore because it will already be baked into the price structure of the market.
Every drop in pricing brings the market closer to that equilibrium.
Taller Building Trends Are Rapidly Bringing More Shadows
And no, I’m not speaking about shadow listing inventory. Rentcafe shared a study on the significant shift towards taller buildings . Here’s a 30 city building type breakout for the past decade  with the interactive version below:
The Chicago Condo Deconversion Trend Is Growing
While I lived in Chicago for three years following college and kept loose tabs on the market, I had no idea that condo deconversion back to rental  was such a thing. In fact, the condo to rental phenomenon is such a big deal that the City Council just passed a “Condo Deconversion Ordinance ” to slow the frequency of these occurrences :
the number of “yes” votes needed from condo unit owners to sell the building to an investor, from 75 percent to 85 percent.
Based on the principle of “highest and best use” it makes sense to convert a condo to a rental just like it makes sense to convert a rental to a condo, I just thought that 100% of the unit owners need to vote for it as we have in NYC.
China Trade War and Capital Restrictions Driving LA Condo Sales Downward
With roughly 50% of buyers in LA’s downtown condo market  coming from China, the two-year-old trade war and capital restrictions are crushing sales in the submarket.
The Soft Luxury Sales Market Is Driving Luxury Rents Higher
Using our research from the Elliman Report released for the New York City rental market, there have been a number of articles that delve into the topic. The slowing luxury sales market has motivated would-be buyers to rent out luxury property temporarily, and at the same time, would-be sellers are listing properties for rent to stem the bleeding.
Elliman Report: 10-2019 Manhattan, Brooklyn & Queens Rentals 
- Manhattan’s Rental ‘Glampers’ Send Luxury Lease Prices Soaring [Bloomberg ]
- The luxury rental market is booming. Here’s what a $100,000-a-month penthouse looks like [CNBC ]
- Luxury Leases That Reach Six Figures [Wall Street Journal ]
Incidentally, the number of new Manhattan leases at or above $10,000 per month has jumped 21.1% over the past three years. Before that growth began, this market segment was languishing from oversupply.
Here’s CNBC taking you into a $100K per month Manhattan rental:
Our favorite charts of the week of our own making
Len Kiefer ‘s Chart Handiwork
This year 30-year fixed mortgage rates have been bouncing around between 3.5 and 4.5 percent all year— 📈 𝙻𝚎𝚗 𝙺𝚒𝚎𝚏𝚎𝚛 📊 (@lenkiefer) November 21, 2019 
at 3.66 percent this week, toward the lower end of that range
chart compares ranges by year (boxes) and trends within years (lines) pic.twitter.com/Z0vFlVk3nQ 
(For earlier appraisal industry commentary, visit my old clunky REIC  site.)
All I Do As An Appraiser
Literally all I do as an appraiser:— Ryan Lundquist (@SacAppraiser) November 19, 2019 
I know Zillow is higher.
Cost doesn’t equal value.
Nice zebra wallpaper.
That’s not a comp.
It’s about the market.
Zillow can’t smell the 34 cats that live there.
Prices don’t always go up.
It’s not all about price per square ft. https://t.co/n1RhK2tXSd 
Reflecting: NAR Real Property Valuation Committee Issues Position On Bifurcation
I reread last week’s post in Appraiserville : “NAR Real Property Valuation Committee Issues Position On Bifurcation” and felt I left the reader hanging with this incomplete thought: But I don’t want our industry to think: “There, we’ve addressed and resolved the threat to appraisers and more importantly, the public trust.”
After marinating in this topic, I believe the more accurate way to think of this new NAR policy position is this:
One of the largest residential real estate trade groups (NAR) developed an appraisal policy on a controversial appraisal topic: bifurcations. Appraisers have been battling the implementation of bifurcation for several years, largely on the misrepresentation of future providers of such services such as AMCs and future users of this service, such as banks. Bifurcations may have some very limited uses, but I object to portraying it as an industry-wide replacement for full appraisals. Bifurcations are much less accurate, more expensive, and slower to complete. But other than that, they’re awesome.
Regulators like FHFA reach out to groups like NAR to get feedback on controversial proposals for policies like this. Now one of the largest residential real estate trade groups with about 400 lawyers will be pushing this policy through all their channels, and that is a good thing for the appraisal industry. Groupthink has been steered to the appraiser’s way of seeing the world, the last protector left in the mortgage process to protect the public trust.
The VA Provides A Sane View on Hybrids With AAPP
The Veterans Administration has provided a position on controversial hybrid appraisals (aka bifurcations) :
which states “[t]he Secretary shall permit an appraiser on a list developed and maintained under subsection (a)(3) to make an appraisal for the purposes of this chapter based solely on information gathered by a person with whom the appraiser has entered into an agreement for such services.”
In other words, the appraiser has to form an agreement with the inspector since the inspection is critical to the reliability of the appraisal. In my view, this policy is the equivalent of a “no, we don’t want hybrids.” Impressive.
This appears to resolve an important aspect of the bifurcation insanity, where it has been presented that the actual appraiser has to rely on the inspector but can’t interact with them or have any understanding of their competency. This depiction was making appraisal industry E&O carriers salivate with excitement over the fresh income sources for an entirely new category of litigation.
How to Become a Luxury Real Estate Appraiser (Being Wildly Dependent on a Designation)
Back in the late 1970s, when comedian Steve Martin was at his standup peak, he appeared on Saturday Night Live in a routine whose theme was “How to have A Million Dollars And Never Pay Taxes.”
Steve got right to the heart of the matter:
“First, get a million dollars…”
Appraisalbuzz provided a press release type piece on luxury real estate appraising , and I did a double-take wondering whether this was a parody. McKissock, a well respected online education company, now offers a designation for luxury real estate appraising, which I find quite silly. Here are the steps they shared to get into this niche so appraisers can make more money and work fewer hours per this piece:
1) Become a certified residential or certified general appraiser (licensed appraisers are a tiny segment already)
2) Make sure you’re well-suited to specialize in luxury appraisal (don’t wear the same shirt you used to change the oil in your car)
3) Familiarize yourself with the luxury home market(develop local market knowledge which takes years)
4) Earn a professional designation (get the CLHA designation today!)
5) Get started as a luxury real estate appraiser (find wealthy attorneys to give you business)
In other words, this new designation conveys the appraiser’s luxury expertise to the world. But it can’t!
In reality, many appraisers don’t understand that the organization creating the designation has to spend a lot of money market the designation’s brand, or the consumer will place no value in it. And appraisal organizations have never demonstrated adeptness at doing so, largely because it is too freaking expensive. Early on, appraisal designations did mean something, but with the advent of appraiser licensing/certification and the proliferation of new designations as largely revenue opportunities, their effectiveness for generating new business is severely limited, except perhaps within the old guard of the profession itself.
OFT (One Final Thought)
Still the only acceptable way to dismount from a swing. And true ballers always stuck the landing. pic.twitter.com/tPqM8fk882 — Super 70s Sports (@Super70sSports) November 22, 2019 
Brilliant Idea #1
If you need something rock solid in your life (particularly on Friday afternoons) and someone forwarded this to you, or you think you already subscribed, sign up here for these weekly Housing Notes . And be sure to share with a friend or colleague if you enjoy them because:
- They’ll stick the landing;
- You’ll venture onto the internet;
- And I’ll market a new appraisal designation.
Brilliant Idea #2
You’re obviously full of insights and ideas as a reader of Housing Notes. I appreciate every email I receive and it helps me craft the next week’s Housing Note.
See you next week.
Reads, Listens and Visuals I Enjoyed
- Wealthy Buyers Are Jumping Between Billionaires’ Row Towers [Wall Street Journal] 
- High and Mid-Rise Apartment Buildings Are Overshadowing Low-Rises for the First Time in 3 Decades [RENTCafé rental blog] 
- Why it costs so much to build a home in the Golden State [Politifact] 
- Compliant, 74 Pinehurst LLC v. State of New York, No. 1:19-cv-06447 (E.D.N.Y. Nov. 14, 2019) | Rent Regulation | Lease [Scribd] 
- Chicago’s condos are turning into rentals. Here’s what’s driving the deconversion trend, and what it means for condo owners. [Chicago Tribune] 
- Undercover investigation reveals evidence of unequal treatment by real estate agents [Newsday] 
- A real estate association is cracking down on ‘off-market’ properties. Here’s what that means for buyers. [Washington Post] 
- SEC launches WeWork probe related to doomed IPO [The Real Deal] 
- Dramatic penthouse atop landmarked Steinway Hall wants $21M [Curbed NY] 
- Growing up in Levittown [Curbed] 
- SoftBank Delays WeWork Investor Payout [The Real Deal] 
My New Content, Research and Mentions
- Luxury Leases That Reach Six Figures 
- NYC Luxury Condo Tower Touts Itself as Highest, But Not on Price [Bloomberg] 
- NYC, London, Vancouver losing luster with luxury homebuyers [Union Leader] 
- The suburban S.A.L.T. shakeout [The Real Deal] 
- From 212 to the 305. After tax change, new generation of New Yorkers turns to Florida [Miami Herald] 
- 15 Rumah Termahal, Harganya di Atas Rp1 Triliun page-1 : [Okezone Economy] 
- Luxury property markets faltering in highest-priced cities like London and New York [The National] 
- The luxury rental market is booming. Here's what a $100,000-a-month penthouse looks like [CNBC] 
- Alpha Buys Out Partner’s Stake in NYC Condo Project [Mingtiandi] 
- “How to Sell a House in Southern California: Make a Movie – The New York Times” plus 2 more [Real Home Chef] 
- Property prices fall as cities shun the ultra-rich buyers [Independent.ie] 
- Century City Luxury Condo Market and Pricing Analysis [The Real Deal] 
- NYC, London, Vancouver losing luster with luxury homebuyers [SF Gate] 
- The 15 most expensive homes sold in the US over the past decade, ranked [Business Insider] 
- New York is losing luster with luxury homebuyers [Crains NY] 
Recently Published Elliman Market Reports
- Elliman Report: Manhattan, Brooklyn & Queens Rentals 10-2019 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Los Angeles Sales 3Q 2019 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Malibu + Malibu Beach Sales 3Q 2019 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Venice + Mar Vista Sales 3Q 2019 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Aspen + Snowmass Village Sales 3Q 2019 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: North Fork Sales 3Q 2019 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Hamptons Sales 3Q 2019 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Long Island Sales 3Q 2019 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: Manalapan, Hypoluxo Island & Ocean Ridge Sales 3Q 2019 [Miller Samuel] 
- Elliman Report: St. Petersburg Sales 3Q 2019 [Miller Samuel] 
Appraisal Related Reads
- Veterans Administration on Hybrid Appraisals – Protecting Veterans [Appraisersblogs] 
- How might rent control affect the housing market? [Ryan Lundquist/Sacramento Appraisal Blog]